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Lychnis chalcedonica (Maltese Cross)

Lychnis chalcedonica

Botanical Name:    Lychnis chalcedonica

Common Name(s):    Maltese Cross

Family:    Caryophyllaceae

Genus:    Lychnis

Species:    Chalcedonica

Plant Type:    Herbaceous perennial

Height:    20-40 in.(50-100 cm)

Spread:    4-20 in.(10-50 cm)

Bloom Time:    June and July

Bloom Color(s):    Orange-red

Leaves:    Green

Range:    Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and northwestern China


Lychnis chalcedonica (Syn. Silene chalcedonica, Common name: Maltese Cross, Jerusalem cross) is a species of flowering plant in the caryophyllaceae family. It native to Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and northwestern China. The stems are simple or rarely branched. It is a perennial plant that grow to 20-40 in. (50-100 cm) tall and 4-20 in. (10-50 cm) wide. It flower in June and July. The flowers are orange-red, 1.5-2 cm in diameter, with five-lobed corolla, petals are broadly obovate. The leaves are opposite, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 5-12 cm long and 2-5 cm broad. Grown in moist, fertile soil in sun or partial shade. Propagate by seed.

How to Grow

Sun:    Full sun to Part shade

Water:    Medium

Soil:    1.Well-drained. 2.Acid, Alkaline or Neutral,Sand. 3.Loam or Chalk

Propagation:    Seed